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A comprehensive European fire safety strategy needs to address the causes of fire, modern day fire risks and impact on fire toxicity.


Flammability standards need to combine objectives of effective fire safety and chemical safety, ending the presumption that fire safety is best met by using flame retardants. It shall give special attention to the toxicity of fires caused by the presence of chemicals as a field of growing concern. Such strategy should carefully balance the compliancy to flammability requirements with chemical and environmental risks.

The promotion of a fire safety culture plays a key role in terms of education to consumers on tools (e.g. sprinklers and fire alarms) and behavioural changes that would increase fire safety and save lives.

The alliance for flame retardant free furniture proposes an EU approach using smoulder ignition tests instead of open flame tests that require the use of flame retardants. This approach takes into account the flammability requirements, chemical exposure and consumers’ protection to make safe fire safety possible.


The process of identifying alternatives to flame retardants should include not only alternative chemicals but also innovative changes in the design of products, industrial processes, and other practices that do not require the use of any flame retardant.

San Antonio Statement

more than 200 worldwide experts

The regrettable solution dilemma

“We have often heard the argument that “safe” FRs can be used to meet an open flame standard. Our research shows that the functionality required for a chemical to act as FR translates to a chemical or chemical mixture that is toxic and/or environmentally persistent. Moreover, the most economical FR used to meet open flame tests in upholstered furniture have a very high probability of being toxic and/or persistent.

There is a time lag of many years between the introduction of a “new” flame retardant and demonstration of its environmental and/or health consequences. While research is being conducted to investigate the hazard/safety of the flame retardants, that chemical is used to meet flammability standard in new products”.

Professor Miriam Diamond

Department of Earth Sciences, University of Toronto


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